Usually the varieties are selected to support each other so that cross-pollination can occur, but sometimes grafting is simply for the novelty of having multiple fruit varieties on one tree. 1. A small number of apple and pear cultivars are tip-bearing, but spur-bearing varieties are best for espaliering. • Grow your espalier with the formality of a centuries-old art form. Train the next tier of shoots along these stakes. Remove all forming fruit in the first year to divert the plant’s energies into growth. ESPALIER FRUIT TREES Dr. Leonard Perry, Extension Professor University of Vermont To “espalier” a fruit tree is to prune it so it grows vertically against a building, wall, fence, or decorative upright support. Espalier are smaller, but definitely not more hands-off, than regular fruit trees. How to Espalier Fruit Trees. Chris and Sarah Pike of Branch Nurseries are the masters of this art. A fan trained apple tree will need the same. I have even seen “fruit salad” trees with grafted branches of apple, pear, plum, peach, and cherry; although I can’t report on how well this works myself. It is very important to train the tree correctly in order to achieve a tree that produces good fruit on all the horizontal branches for the next 20 years or so. This method of tree training is attracting interest with New Zealand gardeners keen to create a compact and attractive tree … Espalier: how to train fruit trees. There’s a video here: The most important thing to remember is to trim your espaliers twice a year, once in winter and again after they’ve finished fruiting in summer. Implementing an espalier tree still requires maintenance throughout your growing season, but no more than any other backyard fruit tree. In theory, any tree or large shrub can be made into an espalier, but it is essential to select a species that will ultimately fit your space and conditions. It may sound daunting, but once you get the hang of it, you’ll be fine. It's where you espalier a tree or a shrub so that it flattens out. An espalier tree may not produce as much fruit as a 3-D tree, but it still produces a lot. As the tree grows and matures, supple new-growth branches will be bent to shape and secured to a trellis or wires. Espalier Fruit Trees. As the tree grows and matures, supple new-growth branches will be bent to shape and secured to a trellis or wires. Espalier is an ancient pruning technique that allows fruit trees to be grown in a much smaller space than they would ordinarily require. It’s not an original system, in fact, In Europe because shortage of suitable land and it’s hight cost many, or most orchards are now being grown in this manner. Remove any branches that don’t fit the pattern or that suffer from one of the 4 D’s (read all about that in Pruning 101). This support structure can be: You can espalier trees against a wall or fence, or create a free-standing living screen or fence between you and your neighbours. Growing espalier fruit trees in the home garden is a wonderful way to grow edibles in small spaces and in decorative ways. Espalier are smaller, but definitely not more hands-off, than regular fruit trees. Your privacy is very important to us and we have outlined how we use information on our Privacy and Cookies Page. Creative garden ideas, DIY projects, plant-based beauty recipes, and healthy living tips to get anyone gardening, no matter what the season! OPEN Monday-Wednesday-Thursday-Friday-Saturday 8:00am-4:00pm. In the home garden this can be a fun project that grows over time with your family and evolves as the years go by. Very old espalier fruit trees can be found growing on old brick and plaster walls in gardens in France. Learn how your comment data is processed. Grafting is the process of attaching a branch to the tree so that they grow together as one. Ornamentals such as Pyracantha are sometimes trained as espaliers. "It's a labour of love, but an artfully trained espalier, laden with flowers or fruit, is sure to be a main attraction in your garden or courtyard," she adds. FOLLOWING YEARS This support structure can be: Most fruit trees require a … Words Lia leedertz, photographs Andrew Montgomery Make a support frame by fixing horizontal wires to a fence or posts using eyebolts. Keep training the horizontal branches of your first tier along the bottom wires. photo courtesy of Mitch Shirts. Espalier Fruit Trees Espalier Olive Tree. YEAR 2, SUMMER Ideally, trees with 12-inch to 34-inch caliper trunks (the thickness at 6 inches above soil level) are best, but smaller-sized trees can be used. « Gorgeous Lavender Oatmeal Soap Cupcakes (That Anyone Can Make), Simple and Energizing Rosemary + Spearmint Sugar Scrub Recipe ». 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